“dexingdadao jichengtiangong”

-------xiaoxunshiyi

xiaoxunshiyixiaozhihun,jishiyizhongwenhua,youshiyigebiaochi。zuoweiwenhua,shixuexiaomianxiangshehuidejingshenbiaozhi,yinggaijingjiegaoyuan,yuyishenke,juyouqiangdadeshengmingli;zuoweibiaochi,yingweibanxuelinianzhibiaozhi,peiyangmubiaozhiquanshi,banxuexingweizhiguifan,banxuedingweizhiyiju。zuoweiyoubieyuputongdaxuedejiaoyujigou,gaozhiyuanxiaodexiaoxunjiyaotixiangaozhiyuanxiaodegenbenshimingherencaipeiyangdeguigeyaoqiu,youyaobiejuyige,zhuoerbuqun,jingshierduli,lijiuermixin。“dexingdadao,jichengtiangong”suozhangxiandezhengshizheizhong“hun”。

de,jidaode。xing,jixingwei。zaixinweide,shizhiweixing。dao,yuanshihanyizhidaolu、tantu,yihouzhujianfazhanchengguilv、yuanlihuodaoli,shizhongguogudaizhexuedezhongyaofanchou。dadao,zhijuyoupushixingdegonglihezhengli,shiduibutongzhexuetixizhong“dao”dechaoyue,shidaodezuigaojingjie。dexingdadao,zhiyugerenzhidaodegaoshang,pinxingduanzheng,xiongjinkuanguang;zhiyuquntizhizhuzhanggongdao,changdaogongping,zhiyuchangming。

ji,jijiyi、jishu、benling,zhiyoushengchanshijianjingyanhezirankexueyuanlifazhanerchengdeduozhonggongyicaozuofangfayujineng。cheng,zhijichenghefazhan。tiangong,yinzimingdaikejiwenxian《tiangongkaiwu》(chukanyu1637nian,songyingxingzhu),yuzhihehutianliziranzhigong,yezhigaochaodejishuhejiyi。youyugaishujizaideshilaodongrenmindeshengchanjishuchengjiu,waiguoxuezhechengqiwei“zhongguo17shijidegongyibaikequanshu”,yinci“tiangong”keyinshenweixianjindeshiyongjishuhegongyifangfa,erbushijiandandecaozuojineng。jichengtiangong,zhideshijichenghefazhanxianjinshiyongdeshengchanjishuhegongyifangfa。

“dexingdadao,jichengtiangong”juyoushenhoudewenhuadiyun,yunhanzhejiangjiuguize、zunxunguilv、chongshangshijian、zhuiqiuzhuoyuedejibenjingshen。duigaozhiyuanxiaoeryan,“dexingdadao”youliangcenghanyi。yishixuexiaodebanxuexingweiyingzunxunjiaoyuguilv,chengdanshehuizeren,tixianchuyizhongdade,zhangxianchuyizhongdaqi;ershiquantishishengyuangongyaoyoulishishimingganheshidaizerengan,xingdeduan,lidezheng,keshouzhiyedaode、zhiyecaoshou。“jichengtiangong”yeyouliangcenghanyi。yishiduipeiyangmubiaobenzhishuxingdeguiding:gaozhiyuanxiaopeiyangderencaijibushiputongdaxuepeiyangdexuekexingrencai,yebushizhongzhuanxuexiaopeiyangdejinengxingrencai,ershigaosuzhidegaojinengrencai;ershiduipeiyangmubiaoguigeyaoqiudequanshi:gaozhiyuanxiaopeiyangderencaiyinggaizhangwoxianjinshiyongdeshengchanjishuhegongyifangfa,chengweijishujingying。chenghuaxiawenmingzhiyuanyuanliuzhang,chuanrenleizhihuizhiqianqiuwandai,weishehuipeiyangrenrenzhishi,weijianshezhuzaojishujingying,shigaozhiyuanxiaodegenbenshiming;dadaotiangong,denengbingju,xingrenjianzhidadao,chengjingzhanzhitiangong,naigaojinengrencaizhipingetezheng。“dexingdadao,jichengtiangong”jitixianlegaozhiyuanxiaodebanxuelinianhegenbenshiming,youquanshilegaojinengrencaidepeiyangfangfaheguigeyaoqiu。